Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9649-2023v30e3423
Gestão & Produção
Original Article

Assessment of safety indicators in high-risk industries in the context of Resilience Engineering: a systematic literature review

Avaliação de indicadores de segurança em indústrias de altor risco no contexto da Engenharia de Resiliência: uma revisão sistemática da literatura

Marcelo Praxedes Larrea Ilhanez; Elmo Rodrigues da Silva; Ubirajara Aluizio de Oliveira Mattos; Karoline Pinheiro Frankenfeld; Luiz Claudio Silva

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Abstract

Abstract: Measuring organizational safety performance is critical in managing production systems. This practice allows decisions to be made objectively and based on data analysis. In the study of resilience engineering applied to the safety of production systems, there is interest on the part of the scientific community and companies in identifying, in the different processes of organizations, indicators to measure resilient performance in safety management. This study aims to discuss and analyze qualitative and quantitative methods to identify the potential for resilience in safety management and support new research on resilience engineering applied to safety performance management in industries with high technological risks. The methodology used included a systematic review of national and international literature from the last ten years. The results obtained provide a critical analysis of the methods used to define safety indicators applied through resilience engineering to occupational safety management in organizations that deal with high technological risks. Qualitative methods for generating safety indicators from the perspective of Resilience Engineering have proven to be a better way, as they apply the concepts of Safety I and Safety II and early warning indicators.

Keywords

Resilience Engineering, Safety indicators, High technological risk

Resumo

Resumo: Medir o desempenho de segurança nas organizações é um elemento crítico na gestão de sistemas de produção. Essa prática permite que as decisões sejam tomadas de forma objetiva e com base na análise de dados. No estudo da engenharia de resiliência aplicada à segurança dos sistemas produtivos, há interesse por parte da comunidade científica e das empresas em identificar, nos diferentes processos das organizações, indicadores para medir o desempenho resiliente na gestão da segurança. Este estudo tem como objetivo discutir e analisar métodos qualitativos e quantitativos para identificar o potencial de resiliência na gestão de segurança e subsidiar novas pesquisas sobre engenharia de resiliência aplicada à gestão de desempenho de segurança em indústrias com altos riscos tecnológicos. A metodologia utilizada incluiu uma revisão sistemática da literatura nacional e internacional dos últimos dez anos. Os resultados obtidos fornecem uma análise crítica dos métodos utilizados para definir indicadores de segurança aplicados por meio da engenharia de resiliência à gestão da segurança do trabalho em organizações que lidam com altos riscos tecnológicos. Métodos qualitativos para geração de indicadores de segurança sob a ótica da Engenharia de Resiliência têm se mostrado um caminho melhor, pois aplicam os conceitos de Segurança I e Segurança II e indicadores de alerta precoce.

Palavras-chave

Engenharia de Resiliência, Indicadores de segurança, Alto risco tecnológico

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