Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9649-2023v30e11822
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

Sustainable practices index for road construction companies – a hierarchical framework

Índice de práticas sustentáveis para empresas de construção de estradas - um framework hierárquico

Paulo Fernando Fuzer Grael; Barbara Stolte Bezerra; Rosane Aparecida Gomes Battistelle

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Abstract

Abstract: In the alignment of ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) growing importance for investments’ decisions this paper presents an index for evaluating sustainable practices of road construction companies. For assessing the sustainable practices, it was developed a hierarchical framework based on environmental, social, and economic dimensions. The practices’ themes and its respective practices were found in the literature, and were selected and validate by an expert’ panel. That resulted in 12 practices themes and the 37 most relevant practices to the road construction sector. For each practice it was established a set of indicators. For the sustainable practices index, the dimensions and practice’s themes weights were determined using the Simplified Process Hierarchical Analysis method, applied to a second experts’ panel. By linking the sustainable practices to measurable indicators, it was possible to attain an overall sustainable practices index for road construction companies. The SPC method used in this case study emphasized practices in the “social” and “environmental” dimensions, with weights of 0.459 and 0.344. The framework elaborated is practical and expeditious, which has a feasible approach to tackling main ESG issues, helping road construction companies and governments preparedness for the new demands of investors and stakeholders.

Keywords

Sustainability, Road construction, Sustainable practices, Indicators, ESG

Resumo

Resumo: No alinhamento da crescente importância ESG (Ambiental, Social e Governança) para as decisões de investimento, este artigo apresenta um índice para avaliação de práticas sustentáveis de empresas de construção de rodovias. O índice desenvolvido pode ser utilizado para auxiliar na tomada de decisões estratégicas de escolha de empresas durante a fase de licitação e / ou para autoavaliação de uma empresa. Para avaliação das práticas sustentáveis foi desenvolvido um quadro hierárquico baseado nas dimensões ambiental, social e econômica, com seus respectivos temas de práticas. Os temas de práticas e suas respectivas práticas foram encontrados na literatura e foram selecionados e validados por um painel de especialistas. Isso resultou em 12 temas de práticas e as 37 práticas mais relevantes para o setor de construção rodoviária. Para cada prática foi estabelecido um conjunto de indicadores. O método SPC utilizado neste estudo de caso enfatizou as práticas das dimensões “sociais” e “ambientais”, com pesos de 0,459 e 0,344, respectivamente. A estrutura do framework elaborada é prática e ágil, com uma abordagem viável para lidar com as principais questões ESG, ajudando as construtoras de estradas e os governos a se prepararem para as novas demandas de investidores e partes interessadas.

Palavras-chave

Sustentabilidade, Construção de rodovia, Práticas sustentáveis, Indicadores, ESG

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