Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9649-2021v28e5557
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

State-of-the-art of scientific production about Green Information Technology

Estado da arte da produção científica sobre Tecnologia da Informação Verde

Vanessa Theis; Dusan Schreiber

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Abstract

Abstract:: With the purpose of identifying the state-of-the-art in the literature, on the theme of Green Information Technology, or simply Green IT, this study presents a bibliometric review about it. Following a research protocol, 171 papers published between the years 2007 to 2020 were selected, providing an overview or are focused on a particular aspect of Green IT. As the main results of this theoretical production, research highlighted that most of the literature on Green IT is based on analyzes at the organizational level. The surveys and theoretical frameworks that consider the environmental aspects of Green IT stand out. Among the empirical studies, investigations related to organizational motivations and the role of corporate social responsibility in the adoption of Green IT prevail. Behavioral factors linked to cognitive aspects that provide a preliminary view on the diffusion status and maturity of the Green IT also emerge among field studies. It should be noted that most studies were conducted in developed countries, that is, countries where technology is more widespread. Among the main managerial implications of the research, it was evident that the need for greater energy efficiency and, consequently, cost savings in IT operations, are the main factors for the adoption of Green IT.

Keywords

Green Information Technology, Bibliometric review, State-of-the-art

Resumo

Resumo:: Com o propósito de identificar o estado da arte da literatura, acerca da temática da Tecnologia de Informação Verde, ou simplesmente TI Verde, este estudo apresenta uma revisão bibliométrica sobre a referida temática. Seguindo um protocolo de pesquisa, selecionaram-se 171 artigos publicados entre os anos de 2007 a 2020, que fornecem uma visão geral ou são focados em um aspecto particular da TI Verde. Como principais resultados desta produção teórica, destaca-se que a maior parte da literatura sobre TI Verde se fundamenta em análises do nível organizacional. Sobressaem-se as surveys e os quadros teóricos que consideram os aspectos ambientais da TI Verde. Dentre os estudos empíricos, prevalecem as investigações relacionadas às motivações organizacionais e o papel de responsabilidade social corporativa na adoção da TI Verde. Fatores comportamentais, atrelados aos aspectos cognitivos que fornecem uma visão preliminar sobre o status da difusão e maturidade da TI Verde também despontam entre os estudos de campo. Ressalta-se que a maioria dos estudos foram conduzidos em países desenvolvidos, isto é, países onde a tecnologia é mais difundida. Dentre as principais implicações gerenciais da pesquisa, evidenciou-se que a necessidade de maior eficiência energética e, consequentemente, economia de custos nas operações de TI, são os principais fatores para adoção da TI verde.
 

Palavras-chave

Tecnologia da Informação Verde, Revisão bibliométrica, Estado da arte

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