Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9649-2021v28e5194
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

Study of delays in constructions: a managerial point of view of private companies in Brasilia, Brazil

Eduardo Lavocat Galvão de Almeida; Vitor Amadeu da Silva Feitoza; Michele Tereza Marques Carvalho; Ana Beatriz Souza Piña; Lissa Gomes Araújo; Luiz Augusto Gimenez Aidar

Downloads: 0
Views: 82

Abstract

Abstract: Delay is one of the most recurrent problems in the construction industry. It is the cause of major negative consequences on construction projects and it can be the main reason for project failures. Still, there is a need for studies focusing on causes of these delays. The objective of this article is to determine the factors with greatest influence on the backlog of real estate developments, improving the collective list of causes of delays in construction projects. A list of 24 probable causes was assembled and submitted as a survey for 47 professionals in administrative rolls from the building construction sector, more precisely, from private companies. The results were processed utilizing the Relative Importance Index (RII) ranking approach. The outcome shows that the most important delay causes are: rework, poor labor productivity, lack of qualified labor, unqualified labor, and project changes. The results also indicate that there are significant differences of opinion between the professionals of distinct hierarchy positions. The results obtained indicate that there is a transition between the opinions of professionals in different roles regarding the importance of influential factors in the delay of works, according to the managerial level of each group.

Keywords

Construction industry, Delay, Influencing factors, Construction projects

Referências

Abd El-Razek, M. E., Bassioni, H. A., & Mobarak, A. M. (2008). Causes of delay in building construction projects in Egypt. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 134(11), 831-841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2008)134:11(831).

Aibinu, A. A., & Odeyink, H. A. (2006). Construction delays and their causative factors in Nigeria. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 132(7), 667-677. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2006)132:7(667).

Aiyetan, A., Smallwood, J., & Shakantu, W. (2011). A systems thinking approach to eliminate delays on building construction projects in South Africa. Acta Structilia, 18(2), 19-39.

Al Nasseri, H., & Aulin, R. (2016). Understanding management roles and organisational behaviour in planning and scheduling based on construction projects in Oman. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 21(1), 1-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.21315/jcdc2016.21.1.1.

Al-Momani, A. H. (2000). Construction delay: a quantitative analysis. International Journal of Project Management, 18(1), 51-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0263-7863(98)00060-X.

Alwi, S., & Hampson, K. D. (2003). “Identifying the important causes of delays in building construction projects.” In Proceedings East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, Bali, Indonesia, pp. 16-18.

Arditi, D., Akan, G. T., & Gurdamar, S. (1985). Reasons for delays in public projects in Turkey. Construction Management and Economics, 3(2), 171-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446198500000013.

Assaf, S. A., & Al-Hejji, S. (2006). Causes of delay in large construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 24(4), 349-357. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2005.11.010.

Assaf, S. A., Al-Khalil, M., & Al-Hazmi, M. (1995). Causes of delay in large building construction projects. Journal of Management Engineering, 11(2), 45-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0742-597X(1995)11:2(45).

Doloi, H., Sawhney, A., Iyer, K. C., & Rentala, S. (2012). Analysing factors affecting delays in Indian construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 30(4), 479-489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.10.004.

Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., & Liston, K. (2011). BIM Handbook: a guide to building information modeling for owners, managers, designers, engineers, and contractors (2nd ed.). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Eik-Andresen, P., Landmark, A. D., Hajikazemi, S., Johansen, A., & Andersen, B. (2016). Remedies for managing bottlenecks and time thieves in Norwegian construction projects – public vs private sector. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 226(1), 343-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.06.197.

Faridi, A. S., & El-Sayegh, S. M. (2006). Significant factors causing delay in the UAE construction industry. Construction Management and Economics, 24(11), 1167-1176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446190600827033.

Feitoza, V. A. S. (2014). Influência do sistema de gestão de produtividade no custo e prazo de execução dos empreendimentos do Distrito Federal (Maters dissertation). Universidade de Brasília, Brasília. http://dx.doi.org/10.26512/2014.11.D.18880.

Filippi, G. A. D., & Melhado, S. B. (2015). Um estudo sobre as causas de atrasos de obras de empreendimentos imobiliários na região Metropolitana de São Paulo. Ambiente Construído, 15(3), 161-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1678-86212015000300033.

Frimpong, Y., Oluwoye, J., & Crawford, L. (2003). Causes of delay and cost overruns in construction of groundwater projects in developing countries: Ghana as a case study. International Journal of Project Management, 21(5), 321-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0263-7863(02)00055-8.

Fugar, F. D. K., & Agyakwah-Baah, A. B. (2010). Delays in building construction projects in Ghana. The Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 10(1), 103-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/ajceb.v10i1/2.1592.

Gardezi, S. S. S., Manarvi, I. A., & Gardezi, S. J. S. (2014). Time extension factors in construction industry of Pakistan. Procedia Engineering, 77(1), 196-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.07.022.

Gündüz, M., Nielsen, Y., & Özdemir, M. (2013). Quantification of delay factors using the relative importance index for construction projects in Turkey. Journal of Management Engineering, 29(2), 133-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000129.

Jarkas, A. M., & Bitar, C. G. (2012). Factors affecting construction labor productivity in Kuwait. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 138(7), 811-820. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000501.

Kaliba, C., Muya, M., & Mumba, K. (2009). Cost escalation and schedule delays in road construction projects in Zambia. International Journal of Project Management, 27(5), 522-531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2008.07.003.

Kaming, P. F., Olomolaiye, P. O., Holt, G. D., & Harris, F. C. (1997). Factors influencing construction time and cost overruns on high-rise projects in Indonesia. Construction Management and Economics, 15(1), 83-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/014461997373132.

Kazaz, A., Ulubeyli, S., & Tuncbilekli, N. A. (2012). Causes of delays in construction projects in Turkey. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 18(3), 426-435. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/13923730.2012.698913.

Koushki, P. A., Al-Rashid, K., & Kartam, N. (2005). Delays and cost increases in the construction of private residential projects in Kuwait. Construction Management and Economics, 23(3), 285-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0144619042000326710.

Le-Hoai, L., Lee, Y. D., & Lee, J. Y. (2008). Delay and cost overruns in Vietnam large construction projects: a comparison with other selected countries. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 12(6), 367-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12205-008-0367-7.

Lessing, B., Thurnell, D., & Durdyev, S. (2017). Main factors causing delays in large construction projects: evidence from New Zealand. Journal of Management, Economics, and Industrial Organization, 1(2), 63-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.31039/jomeino.2017.1.2.5.

Leung, M. Y., Chong, A., Ng, S. T., & Cheung, M. C. (2004). Demystifying stakeholders’ commitment and its impacts on construction projects. Construction Management and Economics, 22(7), 701-715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0144619042000300736.

Lo, T. Y., Fung, I. W. H., & Tung, K. C. F. (2006). Construction delays in Hong Kong civil engineering projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 132(6), 636-649. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2006)132:6(636).

Mahamid, I., Bruland, A., & Dmaidi, N. (2012). Causes of delay in road construction projects. Journal of Management Engineering, 28(3), 300-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000096.

Mezher, T. M., & Tawil, W. (1998). Causes of delays in the construction industry in Lebanon. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 5(3), 252-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb021079.

Muianga, E. A. D., Granja, A. D., & Ruiz, J. de A. (2015). Desvios de custos e prazos em empreendimentos da construção civil: categorização e fatores de influência. Ambiente Construído, 15(1), 79-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-86212015000100008.

Mydin, M. A. O., Sani, N. M., Taib, M., & Alias, N. M. (2014). Imperative causes of delays in construction projects from developers’ outlook. MATEC Web of Conferences, 10(1), 1-6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20141006005.

Naoum, S. G. (2016). Factors influencing labor productivity on construction sites: A state-of-the-art literature review and a survey. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 65(3), 401-421. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-03-2015-0045.

Ojelabi, R. A., Oyeyipo, O. O., & Afolabi, A. (2017). Built environment professionals’ perceptions of the effectiveness of building control measures in Lagos state. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 22(1), 41-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.21315/jcdc2017.22.1.3.

Reis, C. J. L., Seixas, R. M., Silva, G. B., Maués, L. M. F., & Duarte, A. A. A. M. (2016). Identificação das causas de atrasos de obras: um estudo de caso na região metropolitana de Belém. In Proceedings Encontro Nacional de Tecnologia do Ambiente Construído (pp. 21-23). São Paulo: ENTAC.

Rosenfeld, Y. (2014). Root-cause analysis of construction-cost overruns. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 140(1), 04013039. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000789.

Sambasivan, M., & Soon, Y. W. (2007). Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry. International Journal of Project Management, 25(5), 517-526. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2006.11.007.

Sambasivan, M., Deepak, T. J., Salim, A. N., & Ponniah, V. (2017). Analysis of delays in Tanzanian construction industry: transaction cost economics (TCE) and structural equation modelling (SEM) approach. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 24(2), 308-325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-09-2015-0145.

Stevenson, W.J. (1981). Estatística aplicada à administração. São Paulo: Harper e Row do Brasil.

Sullivan, A., & Harris, F. C. (1986). Delays on large construction projects. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 6(1), 25-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb054752.

Sweis, G., Sweis, R., Abu Hammad, A., & Shboul, A. (2008). Delays in construction projects: the case of Jordan. International Journal of Project Management, 14(3), 665-674. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2007.09.009.

Toor, S., & Ogunlana, S. O. (2008). Problems causing delays in major construction projects in Thailand. Construction Management and Economics, 26(4), 395-408. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446190801905406.

Yi, W., & Chan, P. C. (2014). Critical review of labor productivity research in construction journals. Journal of Management Engineering, 30(2), 214-225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000194.
 

6113d7f2a9539540e61d31a4 gp Articles

Gest. Prod.

Share this page
Page Sections