Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9649-2020v28e5065
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

Criteria analysis for deciding the LTL and FTL modes of transport

Diego Armando Soto De La Vega; Paula Horta Lemos; João Eduardo Azevedo Ramos da Silva; José Geraldo Vidal Vieira

Downloads: 0
Views: 86

Abstract

Abstract:: Choosing between Less Than Truckload (LTL) and Full Truckload (FTL) is based on a multicriteria decision because it takes into account aspects such as costs and operational efficiency in transportation, handling and stock of goods. The aim of this article is to provide a detailed analysis of the criteria that comprise the LTL and FTL transport decision using a multicriteria methodology that considers decision makers´ preferences. The SMARTS method was applied in a telecommunications company that outsources its logistics operation. Results show that the main criteria for choosing LTL shipment are related to the relationship with the customer and the efficiency in the delivery of the freight (reliability of the delivery time). On the other hand, choosing FTL transport requires a high weight given to the criteria regarding benefits and cost of transit inventory. The contribution of the research is to provide a structured and flexible analysis to choose the types of shipment (FTL and FLT) when taking into account the risk aversion of decision makers using a non-optimal approach, but with approximate solutions encompassing several qualitative and quantitative criteria in this choice.

Keywords

Supply chain, Distribution problem, Less Than Truckload (LTL) and Full Truckload (FTL), Criteria, Multicriteria Decision Making

Referências

Aguezzoul, A. (2014). Third-party logistics selection problem: a literature review on criteria and methods. Omega, 49, 69-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.omega.2014.05.009.

Anaya, J. J. (2009). El transporte de mercancías.(Enfoque logístico de la distribución) (pp. 178). Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, España: ESIC Editorial.

Ballou, R. H. (2009). Gerenciamento da Cadeia de Suprimentos-: Logística Empresarial. Porto Alegre: Bookman Editora.

Chu, C. W. (2005). A heuristic algorithm for the truckload and less-than-truckload problem. European Journal of Operational Research, 165(3), 657-667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2003.08.067.

Coulter, R. L., Darden, W. R., Coulter, M. K., & Brown, G. (1989). Freight transportation carrier selection criteria: identification of service dimensions for competitive positioning. Journal of Business Research, 19(1), 51-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0148-2963(89)90040-4.

Danielis, R., Marcucci, E., & Rotaris, L. (2005). Logistics managers’ stated preferences for freight service attributes. Transportation Research Part E, Logistics and Transportation Review, 41(3), 201-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2004.04.003.

De La Vega, D. S., Vieira, J. G. V., Toso, E. A. V., & de Faria, R. N. (2018). A decision on the truckload and less-than-truckload problem: an approach based on MCDA. International Journal of Production Economics, 195, 132-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2017.09.013.

Edwards, W., & Barron, F. H. (1994). SMARTS and SMARTER: improved simple methods for multiattribute utility measurement. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 60(3), 306-325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/obhd.1994.1087.

Ehrlich, P. J. (1996). Modelos quantitativos de apoio as decisões: II. Revista de Administração de Empresas, 36(2), 44-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-75901996000200007.

Goodwin, P., Wright, G. (2014). Decision Analysis for Management Judgment (5a ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Ho, W., & Emrouznejad, A. (2009). Multi-criteria logistics distribution network design using SAS/OR. Expert Systems with Applications, 36(3), 7288-7298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2008.09.012.

Ishizaka, A., & Nemery, P. (2013). Multi-criteria decision analysis: methods and software. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118644898.

Jerman, R. E., Anderson, R. D., & Constantin, J. A. (1978). Shipper versus carrier perceptions of carrier selection variables. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management, 9(1), 29-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb014435.

Jharkharia, S., & Shankar, R. (2007). Selection of logistics service provider: an analytic network process (ANP) approach. Omega, 35(3), 274-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.omega.2005.06.005.

Keeney, R. L., & Raiffa, H. (1976). Decision with multiple objectives. Preference and Value Trade-offs (pp. 231-232). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kokkinis, G., Mihiotis, A., & Pappis, C. P. (2006). Freight forwarding in Greece: services provided and choice criteria. EuroMed Journal of Business, 1(2), 64-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14502190610750171.

McGinnis, M. A. (1989). A comparative evaluation of freight transportation choice models. Transportation Journal, 29(2), 36-46.

Meixell, M. J., & Norbis, M. (2008). A review of the transportation mode choice and carrier selection literature. International Journal of Logistics Management, 19(2), 183-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09574090810895951.

Murphy, P. R., Daley, J. M., & Hall, P. K. (1997). Carrier selection: do shippers and carriers agreee, or not?. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 33(1), 67-72.

Mustajoki, J., Hämäläinen, R. P., & Lindstedt, M. R. (2006). Using intervals for global sensitivity and worst-case analyses in multiattribute value trees. European Journal of Operational Research, 174(1), 278-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2005.02.070.

Oliveira, G. C., No., Librantz, A. H., & de Sousa, W. C. (2014, September). Logistic Operator Selection with Capacity of Storage and Transport Frozen Product Using Multicriteria Decision. In Proceedings of the IFIP International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (pp. 379-386). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44739-0_46.

Özkaya, E., Keskinocak, P., Roshan Joseph, V., & Weight, R. (2010). Estimating and benchmarking less-than-truckload market rates. Transportation Research Part E, Logistics and Transportation Review, 46(5), 667-682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2009.09.004.

Rieksts, B. Q., & Ventura, J. A. (2010). Two-stage inventory models with a bi-modal transportation cost. Computers & Operations Research, 37(1), 20-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2009.02.026.

Saaty, T. L. (2008). Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1), 83-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJSSCI.2008.017590.

Swenseth, S. R., & Godfrey, M. R. (2002). Incorporating transportation costs into inventory replenishment decisions. International Journal of Production Economics, 77(2), 113-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5273(01)00230-4.

Toptal, A., & Bingöl, S. O. (2011). Transportation pricing of a truckload carrier. European Journal of Operational Research, 214(3), 559-567. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2011.05.005.

Varian, H. R. (2006). Microeconomia-princípios básicos. São Paulo: Elsevier Brasil.

Vieira, J. G. V., Mendes, J. V., & Suyama, S. S. (2016). Shippers and freight operators perceptions of sustainable initiatives. Evaluation and Program Planning, 54, 173-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2015.07.011. PMid:26227446.

Wind, Y., & Saaty, T. L. (1980). Marketing applications of the analytic hierarchy process. Management Science, 26(7), 641-658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.26.7.641.

Yin, R. (2010). Estudo de caso: planejamento e métodos. Porto Alegre: Bookman Editora.
 

60de2d26a953952a3a142d62 gp Articles

Gest. Prod.

Share this page
Page Sections