Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x5414-20
Gestão & Produção
Seção Temática: Transformação Digital, Manufatura Inteligente e Gerenciamento da Cadeia de Abastecimento 4.0

Evaluation of OPC-UA communication in an autonomous advanced manufacturing cell implementation

Avaliação da comunicação OPC UA em uma implementação de célula autônoma de manufatura avançada

Rodrigo Filev Maia; Ângelo Jorge Bálsamo; Guilherme Alberto Wachs Lopes; Alexandre Augusto Massote; Fábio Lima

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Abstract

Abstract: The recent development of advanced manufacturing concepts brings new challenges for developing countries in order to prepare their workforce and industries for local and global markets. To explore and disseminate advanced manufacturing concepts, the first autonomous advanced manufacturing cell developed in Brazil as a result of a partnership between global and local companies and academia was designed and evaluated. This paper aims to describe the advanced manufacturing cell, the equipment composing the infrastructure, and the network topology and equipment that could deal with the heterogeneity of equipment and protocol. Moreover, the behavior of the Open Platform Communications Unified Architecture (OPC UA) communication framework (and related protocols) as the integration element between the equipment composing the cell was evaluated. The results indicated that the OPC UA communication framework promotes a low traffic overhead and can also be used to carry data from the traditional protocols in their fields without restrictions that could hinder production. The paper also discusses how the exchange of data occurred between the equipment used in the production and the control systems via the protocol studied. The OPC UA communication framework protocols presented a messaging structure and data transport characteristics that satisfy the integration needs between equipment of several manufacturers that composed an autonomous cell of advanced manufacturing. This paper also presents some key challenges to integrating all equipment not addressed by the OPC UA reference model.

Keywords

OPC UA, System integration, Network analysis, Industry 4.0

Resumo

Resumo: O recente desenvolvimento de conceitos de manufatura avançada traz novos desafios para os países em desenvolvimento, a fim de preparar sua força de trabalho e indústrias para os mercados locais e globais. Para explorar e disseminar os conceitos de manufatura avançada, projetou-se e avaliou-se a primeira célula de manufatura avançada autônoma desenvolvida no Brasil a partir da parceria entre empresas globais e locais e a academia. Este trabalho tem como objetivo descrever a célula de manufatura avançada, os equipamentos que compõem a infraestrutura, a topologia de rede e os equipamentos que poderiam lidar com a heterogeneidade de equipamentos e protocolos. Além disso, o comportamento da estrutura de comunicação do OPC UA (e protocolos relacionados) como o elemento de integração entre os equipamentos que compõe a célula é avaliado. Os resultados indicaram que a estrutura de comunicação do OPC UA promove uma baixa sobrecarga de tráfego, bem como pode ser usada para transportar dados dos protocolos tradicionais em seus campos sem restrições que possam prejudicar a produção. O artigo também discute como ocorreu a troca de dados entre os equipamentos utilizados na produção e os sistemas de controle através do protocolo estudado. Os protocolos da estrutura de comunicação OPC UA apresentaram uma estrutura de mensagens e características de transporte de dados que satisfazem as necessidades de integração entre equipamentos de diversos fabricantes que compunham a célula autônoma de manufatura avançada. Este documento também apresenta alguns desafios fundamentais para integrar todos os equipamentos não abordados pelo modelo de referência OPC UA.

Palavras-chave

OPC UA, Integração de sistemas, Análise de rede, Indústria 4.0

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