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https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x3925-18
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

Economic Complexity and Human Development: DEA performance measurement in Asia and Latin America

Complexidade Econômica e Desenvolvimento Humano: uma análise a partir do DEA

Diogo Ferraz; Herick Fernando Moralles; Jessica Suárez Campoli; Fabíola Cristina Ribeiro de Oliveira; Daisy Aparecida do Nascimento Rebelatto

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Abstract

Abstract Economic growth is not the only factor to explain human development. Therefore, many authors have prioritized studies to measure the Human Development Index. However, these indexes do not analyze how Economic Complexity can increase Human Development. This paper aimed to determine how efficiently nations from Latin America and Asia measure a country’s performance in converting Economic Complexity into Human Development, between 2010 and 2014. We used Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), through the Variable Returns of Scale (VRS) Model and Window Analysis. Results showed that in 2014, all Asian countries, except China and the Philippines, were efficient; on the other hand Cuba was the benchmark for inefficient countries. Window Analysis showed Japan, South Korea and Singapore were efficient over time. This result confirms the initial hypothesis of this article: the more complex countries are the more efficiently they create Human Development.

Keywords

Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Window analysis, Economic complexity, Economic Complexity Index (ECI), Human development

Resumo

Resumo O crescimento econômico não é o único fator que explica o desenvolvimento humano. Nesse aspecto, índices sobre a qualidade de vida têm sido recorrentes na literatura. Entretanto, esses índices não analisam como a complexidade econômica é convertida em desenvolvimento humano. O objetivo deste artigo é mensurar a eficiência de países latino-americanos e asiáticos na conversão de complexidade econômica em desenvolvimento humano, entre 2010 e 2014. O método utilizado foi o Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), por meio do Modelo de Retornos Variáveis à Escala (BCC) e Análise de Janela. Os resultados demonstraram que, em 2014, todos os países asiáticos foram eficientes, exceto China e Filipinas. Nesse ano, Cuba foi o país que mais serviu de benchmark para os países ineficientes. A análise em janela demonstrou que apenas Japão, Coréia do Sul e Singapura se mantiveram eficientes ao longo do tempo. Esse resultado confirma a hipótese inicial deste artigo: economias mais complexas são mais eficientes na geração de desenvolvimento humano.

Palavras-chave

Análise por Envoltória de Dados (DEA), Análise em janela, Complexidade econômica, Economic Complexity Index (ECI), Desenvolvimento humano

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