Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x3831-19
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

Pressures from the context and institutional capacity building to develop industrial symbiosis networks

Pressões do contexto e a construção da capacidade institucional na formação de uma rede de simbiose industrial

Eugênia Vale de Paula; Mônica Cavalcanti Sá de Abreu

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Abstract

Abstract This research analyzes the importance of the institutional and economic context and the institutional capacity building to develop an industrial symbiosis networks through the “Programa Mineiro de Simbiose Industrial” (PMSI). The research is qualitative, exploratory and descriptive, using content analysis techniques. Interviews were conducted with managers and government actors with active PMSI participation. The institutional and economic contexts and the current knowledge, mobilization and relational capacities were identified. The results indicate that the industrial symbiosis network is not dense and there are few waste exchanges among companies. There is an effort among actors who participate in the PMSI to build knowledge, mobilization and relationship capacities. However, the institutional context is unfavorable to the development of industrial symbiosis. This study article reinforces the need to invest in eco-innovative solutions and institutional environment improvements to develop efficient natural resources and waste management, and thus allow the development of eco-industrial parks.

Keywords

Waste management, Industrial network, Environmental management, Sustainability, Eco-industrial park, Industrial symbiosis, Industrial ecology

Resumo

Resumo O artigo analisa a importância do contexto institucional e econômico, e da construção da capacidade institucional para o desenvolvimento de uma rede de simbiose industrial. A pesquisa caracteriza-se como qualitativa, exploratória e descritiva, utilizando a técnica análise de conteúdo. Foram realizadas entrevistas com gestores de empresas e atores institucionais que participam do Programa Mineiro de Simbiose Industrial (PMSI). Foram identificadas as pressões do contexto institucional e econômico, o estágio atual das capacidades de conhecimento, mobilização e relacionamento capazes de gerar interações na rede de empresas. Os resultados da pesquisa indicam a existência de uma rede de simbiose industrial pouco densa e com trocas isoladas de resíduos entre empresas. Existe um esforço dos atores que participam do programa mineiro de simbiose industrial na construção de capacidades de conhecimento, mobilização e relacionamento. No entanto, o contexto é desfavorável ao desenvolvimento da rede de simbiose industrial. As conclusões da pesquisa reforçam a necessidade de investir em soluções eco-inovadoras e a melhoria do ambiente institucional e econômico para a gestão eficiente dos recursos naturais e dos resíduos, e que possibilitem a criação de eco-parques industriais.

Palavras-chave

Gestão de resíduos, Rede de empresas, Gestão ambiental, Sustentabilidade, Eco-parque industrial, Simbiose industrial, Ecologia industrial

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