Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x3507-19
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

No rumo de um comportamento adaptativo na instrução aérea

Heading towards adaptive behavior in aviation training

Luiz Mauricio de Andrade da Silva; Rubens Nunes

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Resumo

Resumo A Academia da Força Aérea forma, por ano, aproximadamente 140 aviadores militares em um ambiente operacional bastante seguro. No entanto, observa-se que as definições operacionais das variáveis da instrução se baseiam apenas em classificações funcionais, carecendo de construtos para melhor comunicação entre instrutores de voo e cadetes. Enquadra-se o problema de pesquisa no sistema 1 (intuitivo) de decisões, com o uso de heurísticas. É um estudo teórico. Recorremos à revisão da literatura das principais heurísticas de julgamento humano em decisões. Posteriormente discutimos as classificações funcionais já sedimentadas na aviação e as situações em que os aviadores podem se beneficiar das heurísticas, iniciando o processo de elaboração dos construtos, e uma proposta de instrução adaptativa.

Palavras-chave

Pilotagem militar, Construtos, Pesos relativos das variáveis

Abstract

Abstract Every year, approximately 140 military aviators graduate from the Brazilian Air Force Academy, an operational environment that is quite safe. However, the operational definitions of the variables in the piloting instruction are based solely on functional classifications; thus, they are still lacking the constructs and definitions that would provide better levels of communication among flight instructors and cadets. The research problem is framed in system one (intuitive) of decision-making, using heuristics. The literature concerning the heuristics applied to human judgment and decisions have been revisited. Following this, the focus was on the functional classifications that have already occurred in aviation, and situations in which aviators would benefit from heuristics as a starting point to the process of building constructs, and one proposal for an adaptive form of instruction.

Keywords

Military piloting, Constructs, Relative weights of variables

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