Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x3252-20
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

Techniques and tools of lean production: multiple case studies in brazilian agribusiness units

Técnicas e ferramentas do lean production: estudos de múltiplos casos em empresas do agronegócio brasileiro

Eduardo Guilherme Satolo; Laiz Eritiemi de Moura Hiraga; Lucas Furlani Zoccal; Gustavo Antiqueira Goes; Wagner Luiz Lourenzani; Pedro Henrique Perozini

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Abstract

Abstract The literature regarding Lean Production philosophy is vast depicting historical aspects, implementation challenges, benefits of its adoption and other topics applied to various industries and services. However, the agribusiness segment, one of the major segments of the global economy features a large gap in national and international literature. This article aims to conduct a research through multiple case studies concerning the use of techniques and tools of Lean Production System in agribusiness organizations. Multiple type case studies were conducted in eight agribusiness units from different segments through the application of structured interviews, on site visits and document analysis. The research carried has identified that Lean Production techniques and tools are applicable to agribusiness environments, and that the ones which involve improvements in process control, production flow and logistics have higher emphasis on research units. Techniques and tools such as long-term supplier and customer relationship, production smoothing/heijunka and value stream mapping distinguished themselves by the similarity of use when compared to previous studies in agribusiness environment. It was also identified that there are differences concerning the adoption of the techniques and tools in research units that operate in production environments of the type Make to Order or Make to Stock. Such differences are imposed by specificities that affect agribusiness organizations, which is indicative for future studies.

Keywords

Lean manufacturing, Multiple case studies, Brazil, Agribusiness, Network analysis

Resumo

Resumo A literatura acerca da filosofia Lean Production é vasta retratando aspectos históricos, desafios da implantação, benefícios da sua adoção e outros tópicos aplicados aos diversos segmentos industriais e de serviços. Entretanto, no segmento do agronegócio, um dos principais segmentos da economia mundial, apresenta uma grande lacuna na literatura nacional e internacional. Este artigo objetiva conduzir um levantamento, por meio de estudos de caso múltiplos, sobre o emprego das técnicas e ferramentas do sistema Lean Production em organizações do agronegócio. Conduziu-se estudos de caso do tipo múltiplo em oito unidades agroindustriais de diferentes segmentos, por meio da aplicação de entrevistas estruturadas, visita in loco e análise documental. O estudo identificou que as técnicas e ferramentas do sistema Lean Production são aplicáveis no ambiente agroindustrial, sendo as de maior destaque para as unidades de pesquisa que envolvem melhorias no controle do processo, fluxo de produção e logística. Técnicas e ferramentas como long-term supplier and customer relationship, production smoothing/heijunka, e value stream mapping destacaram por pela similaridade de uso quando comparados a estudos prévios no ambiente agroindustrial. Identificou-se também que há diferenças quanto a adoção das técnicas e ferramentas em unidades de pesquisa que atuam em ambientes de produção Make to Order ou Make to Stock. Tais diferenças são impostas pelas especificidades que afetam as organizações do agronegócio, sendo este o indicativo para estudos futuros.

Palavras-chave

Lean manufacturing, Estudos de caso múltiplo, Brazil, Agronegócio, Análise de redes sociais

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