Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x3014-19
Gestão & Produção
Original Article

Applicability of Performance Prism in SMEs: a multiple case study

Aderência do Performance Prism em MPE’s: um estudo de casos múltiplos

Elizandra Severgnini; Edwin V. Cardoza Galdamez; Reinaldo Rodrigues Camacho

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Abstract

Abstract In the performance assessment models literature, is rather rare research that discusses the Performance Prism Framework, specifically in using it as management tool and in checking its validity as driver strategy instrument. There are also few studies on the applicability related to the implementation, use and analysis of the Performance Prism Framework in micro and small businesses. In this sense, this article has as main objective to propose (i) a bibliometric study of the Performance Prism Framework; and (ii) to develop a multiple case study of micro and small business. To meet the first goal, we used a bibliometric desk research method in the major databases, such as ISI Web of Knowledge, EBSCO and Proquest, which generated 81 articles. From them, we analyzed specifically few studies. To achieve the second goal, a multiple case study method with five micro and small businesses (e.g., sports segments, drugstore, clothing, department store and an apparel faction) was held. The findings confirmed the five dimensions of the Performance Prism Framework, called: (1) Stakeholders Satisfaction; (2) Contribution of Stakeholders; (3) Strategies; (4) Processes; and (5) Capabilities. In addition, we extend previous literature and proposed another dimension called (6) Performance Dynamic. The results also showed that the Capabilities is strongly seen as training employees, the Performance Dynamics are fundamentally weighted as sales amount, not as profit and the Contribution of Stakeholders is hardly evident.

Keywords

Small and medium enterprise, Performance measurement system, Performance Prism

Resumo

Resumo Na literatura sobre os modelos de avaliação de desempenho organizacional, são um tanto raras as pesquisa sobre o Performance Prism (PP), especialmente quanto ao seu uso como ferramenta de gestão e sua validade como instrumento direcionador da estratégia. Também são escassos os estudos sobre a aplicabilidade das pesquisas relacionadas à implementação, análise, uso e até mesmo manutenção do PP em micro e pequenas empresas. Com base nesse gap, este estudo tem por objetivo principal realizar i) um estudo bibliométrico do PP; ii) desenvolver estudos de casos múltiplos de micro e pequenas empresas quanto à observação e adequação das organizações ao modelo. Para atender o primeiro objetivo, uma pesquisa bibliométrica tipo desk research foi realizada nas principais bases de dados do ISI Web of Knowledge, EBSCO, e Proquest. A pesquisa gerou uma base de 81 artigos, sendo que alguns estudos se encaixaram no escopo desta pesquisa . Para atingir o segundo objetivo, um estudo de caso múltiplo com cinco micro e pequenas empresas (nos segmentos de esportes, farmácias, confecções, loja de departamentos e uma facção) foi realizado. Os achados da pesquisa mostraram as cinco facetas do PP, denominadas: 1) Satisfação dos Stakeholders; 2) Contribuição dos Stakeholders; 3) Estratégias; 4) Processos; e 5) Capacidades. Além disso, os achados apresentaram uma nova dimensão denominada de 6) Desempenho. Os resultados também demonstraram que o quesito de Capacidades é fortemente visto como treinamento de colaboradores, que a Dinâmica de Desempenho é fundamentalmente ponderada como volume de vendas e não como lucro e que a Contribuição dos Stakeholders para o negócio é pouco evidenciada.

Palavras-chave

MPE’s, Medição de desempenho, Performance Prism

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