Gestão & Produção
https://gestaoeproducao.com/article/doi/10.1590/0104-530x2480-19
Gestão & Produção
Artigo Original

A produção enxuta sob a perspectiva da visão baseada em recursos: um estudo em uma organização do setor calçadista

Lean production from the perspective of the resource-based view: a study in an organization in the footwear industry

Alline Thamyres Claudino da Silva; Cláudia Fabiana Gohr; Luciano Costa Santos

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Resumo

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar como os recursos estratégicos contribuíram para a implementação da produção enxuta (PE) em uma organização do setor calçadista, sob a perspectiva da visão baseada em recursos (VBR). Tomando como base os pressupostos teóricos da PE e da VBR, foi desenvolvido um procedimento de análise composto de cinco etapas: detalhamento da estratégia de operações; identificação das práticas de PE; descrição da trajetória de implementação da PE; relação das práticas com os recursos; e avaliação dos recursos. A pesquisa de campo foi realizada por meio de um estudo de caso longitudinal em que a principal técnica de coleta de dados foi a entrevista (semiestruturada e estruturada) dirigida aos funcionários e gestores do setor de engenharia industrial da fábrica escolhida como unidade de análise. Constatou-se que a empresa adotou 15 práticas, das quais 9 foram implementadas em todos os setores. Foram identificados 17 recursos que deram suporte à implantação. Por meio da análise destes, verificou-se que os recursos denominados mão de obra operacional, gestores qualificados, máquinas pesadas, cultura e treinamento foram fundamentais para a PE, aspecto que se confirmou na avaliação em relação aos critérios de valor, versatilidade e sustentabilidade dos recursos. Embora a PE seja, muitas vezes, defendida como um modelo de aplicabilidade universal, o caso estudado apontou que o processo de implementação da PE pode encontrar dificuldades de imitação, pois está intrinsecamente ligado às condições históricas únicas, à ambiguidade causal e à complexidade social dos recursos.

Palavras-chave

Produção enxuta, Visão baseada em recursos, Setor calçadista

Abstract

Abstract This study aims to analyze the strategic resources contribution to the implementation of lean production (LP) in an organization in the footwear industry, from the perspective of the resource-based view (RBV). Based on the theoretical assumptions of LP and RBV, an analytic procedure embracing 5 steps was developed: the description of the operations strategy, the identification of lean production practices, the description of the LP implementation path, the relationship between LP practices and resources, and the evaluation of resources according to RBV. Field research was carried out by a longitudinal case study in which the main data collection technique was the interview (semi-structured and structured) addressed to employees and managers of the industrial engineering department of the chosen plant as the unit of analysis. It was found that the company adopted 15 practices, in which 9 were implemented in all sectors. Subsequently, 17 resources that supported the implementation were identified. Through the analysis, it was found that the resources denominated operational workforce, qualified managers, heavy machinery, culture, and training were essential to LP, aspect confirmed by the assessment of the criteria of value, versatility and sustainability. Although LP is often advocated as a universal model, the case study raised the issue that the LP implementation process may have the difficulty of imitation because it is intrinsically linked to unique historical conditions and the causal ambiguity and social complexity of the resources.

Keywords

Lean production, Resource-based view, Footwear industry

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